The word “Hadith” refers to the collection of traditions containing sayings, approvals, criticisms, pieces of advice, and deeds of Allah’s Last Messenger Hazrat Muhammad (ﷺ) which, with accounts of his daily practice (called the Sunnah), constitute the second major source of guidance for Muslims apart from the Noble Quran. Here you can learn about Hadees in Urdu as well.
As a complete code of life, Islam consists of two basic things, the Noble Quran and the Hadith Sharif. While the Holy Quran is the word of Allah revealed to the mankind through the Last Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), the Hadith Sharif serves as the interpretation and elaboration of the Quranic injunctions.
Let’s have a look at different verses of the Noble Quran highlighting the significance of following in true spirit what the Last Messenger (ﷺ) said, did, approved, criticized or advised to do.
لَّقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ لِّمَن كَانَ يَرْجُو اللَّهَ وَالْيَوْمَ الْآخِرَ وَذَكَرَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا (33:21)
Translation: “There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and [who] remembers Allah often.”
It is obvious from the above verse that the life of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) is the best example to follow for the mankind. Following in his footsteps guarantees success in this world as well as the world hereafter.
Allah further says in Surah Al-Fath, verse 80 of Surah An-Nisa (chapter 4):
مَّن يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطَاعَ اللَّهَ ۖ وَمَن تَوَلَّىٰ فَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ عَلَيْهِمْ حَفِيظًا (4:80)
Translation: “He who obeys the Messenger has obeyed Allah; but those who turn away - We have not sent you over them as a guardian.”
So, if you obey the Messenger Muhammad (ﷺ), you are actually obeying Almighty Allah.
Hadith does not just constitute the sayings or statements of the Last Prophet (ﷺ), it is a broad term also referring to the deeds, approvals, criticisms and pieces of advice given by the him on different occasions.
In other words, you can say that Ahadees can be of different types. Depending on the reference to a particular authority, links of Isnad, number of reporters, nature of Matn and Isnad, and the authenticity of correspondents, different types of Hadith are briefly described below:
Hadith Qudsi (The Divine): Hadith-e-Qudsi is a Heavenly text directly revealed to the Last Messenger (ﷺ). It constitutes the Noble Scripture (Quran).
Hadees Marfu (Elevated): Meaning “Elevated”, Hadith Marfu is a major type of Hadees. It was directly heard from the Holy Prophetby His companions andhas got very important status in Islam.
Sahih (Sound) Hadith: A Sahih Hadith is an authentic Hadees narrated by a trustworthy reporter known for his truthfulness, knowledge, and an accurate way of narrations.
Hasan (Good) Hadith: It is narrated by those reporters who are well-known, and the truth of the Hadith is well established.
Hadith Mauquf (Stopped): Literally meaning “Stopped”, it is a type of direction which was directly given by Rasool(ﷺ) to the Sahabah (رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنھم) who carried it forward.
Hadith Maqtu (Severed): This type of Hadees is a command or advice by the Rasool(ﷺ) which was not quoted directly but plainly described by a Successor in his own words.
Da`if (Weak) Dadith: Failing to address the Isnad properly, it is called a “weak Hadith”, and ranks under that of Hasan.
Maudu (Fabricated) Hadith: Among different types of Hadith, Maudu is the least authentic or fabricated one. It wording is opposite to the confirmed traditions of Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad(ﷺ).
Other types of Ahadees Sharif include Musnad (supported), Muttasil (continuous), Mursal (hurried), Munqati (broken), Mu’adal (perplexing), Mu’allaq (hanging), Mutawatir (consecutive), Ahad (isolated), Munkar (denounced), and Mudraj (interpolated), etc.
There are six famous books of Hadith Sharif, commonly known as Sihah Sitta (صحاح ستہ), which are considered as the authentic and undisputed sources of hadith.
Listed below are the famous books of Hadith in Urdu and English along with the names of their writers.
Each of these famous books of Hadith contains thousands of Hadees to guide the Muslims on different eves and issues in life.